Revenue (Sales) Codes

Revenue (Sales) codes are one set of item codes used in business to better understand sources of sales. A business entrepreneur wants to know what sells and what doesn’t in his business operation. This isn’t necessary if you only sell one thing; but there are some business operations that sell only one item e.g. hot dog vendor, taxi service, parking lot rental, etc. Sales codes are created to organize information and give management a tool to enhance overall profitability. Those products or services that perform well should be expanded or marked up more in order to increase profits. Those items not selling can be discontinued or marketed differently in order to increase profits.

There is no one single system that works best, in general, each industry does it differently to better understand their customer’s pattern. For example, in retail, each item is assigned a unique identifier and then those identifiers are grouped into divisions, departments, locations etc. Therefore, information can be sorted and compared based on this identifier. For example, a large department store will have an identifier for a unique product, then that code is grouped for that respective division within a particular department. To illustrate, a cleaning brush for automotive cars will be assigned an identifier, typically via the UPC code, and this brush via the code is assigned to the cleaning products/supplies division within the automotive department. Now store management can compare overall sales of the automotive department to the other departments within the store. Within the automotive department, sales for cleaning products/supplies can be compared against the parts division, chemical/oils division, auto tools etc.

This UPC system will not work well with a fast food service operation. Here, sales are more homogeneous and what management really wants to understand is the taste demand of the customer base from unit counts. Therefore, the sales codes are tied to taste and recorded that way at the register. The particular sandwich doesn’t need a UPC, just a code at the register. This helps the owner identify trends and of course the overall demand which helps the owner ensure proper supplies of ingredients to meet the demand.

A common error made by most small business entrepreneurs is creating too many item codes based on irrelevant or unnecessary information. If you sell only one or two of a particular product or service infrequently, the item code isn’t necessary; it is highly unlikely it will produce any pertinent information for you. It is better to group all those infrequently sold products/services into just one code and keep it simple. The following is an example of this change for a client of mine and the end result:

A carpet cleaner wanted a more detail list of codes for the respective services and products he sold. In general, he cleaned carpets, furniture, curtains/drapes and provided a stain removal service. Over time, he was told by his national franchisor that a particular line of products would generate huge sales. I rolled my eyes at this one. First off, the primary customers were commercial hotels/motels and they had no need for the respective line of products. Secondly, the residential customers requesting this service rarely if ever bought the product line because it was too well defined, not to mention expensive in comparison to similar retail products. The line of products were focused on pets, they were selling Dog Odor Neutralizer, Cat Odor Neutralizer, Guinea Pig Odor Neutralizer etc. Tracking this was hard for the staff as a separate line had to be entered on the work ticket for the customer.

Over the course of one year, they sold a total of 48 units of the dog odor neutralizer which was the most popular. Total units sold in one year didn’t exceed 100 units. It created clutter on the product sales reports as it added more lines of data that simple did not help the owner, it actually confused him when we discussed the report. We changed the coding system whereby all the products were grouped as Odor Neutralizer sales instead of breaking them out. This allowed him to evaluate his other products in comparison to this group of products.

In other industries, the codes can be quite complex and have more than just a meaning related to what was sold. In the medical profession, there is an entire medical billing code system and structure used by the insurance companies to properly assess the service rendered to the patient and then bill the insurance underwriter for that respective service. Here in this sector, a medical practitioner may end up only using a unique code once in his/her entire profession; but the codes were not designed for the medical practice, they were designed for the profession as a whole and for the medical insurance industry. Therefore a general practitioner will use the same set of codes that specialists use. It is universally accepted as the standard revenue codes in this industry.

In conclusion, the business entrepreneur needs to look at the business operation as a whole and utilize a sales code structure that is simple and really assists the owner in understanding what the customer is buying. As a company grows and prospers, it may be beneficial to get more detailed with the codes to identify potential opportunities. Utilize the assistance of your CPA, your industry standards and even your competition to design a good revenue (sales) code layout. ACT ON KNOWLEDGE.

Value Investing

Do you want to learn how to get returns like this?

Then learn about Value Investing. Value investing in the simplest of terms means to buy low and sell high. Value investing is defined as a systematic process of buying high quality stock at an undervalued market price quantified by intrinsic value and justified via financial analysis; then selling the stock in a timely manner upon market price recovery.

There are four key principles used with value investing. Each is required. They are:

  1. Risk Reduction – Buy only high quality stocks;
  2. Intrinsic Value – The underlying assets and operations are of good quality and performance;
  3. Financial Analysis – Use core financial information, business ratios and key performance indicators to create a high level of confidence that recovery is just a matter of time;
  4. Patience – Allow time to work for the investor.

If you are interested in learning more, go to the Membership Program page under Value Investing section in the header above. 

Join the value investing club and learn about value investing and how you can easily acquire similar results with your investment fund. Upon joining, you’ll receive the book Value Investing with Business Ratios, a reference guide used with all the decision models you build. Each member goes through three distinct phases:

  1. Education – Introduction to value investing along with terminology used are explained. Key principles of value investing are covered via a series of lessons and tutorials.
  2. Development – Members are taught how pools of investments are developed by first learning about financial metrics and how to read financial statements. The member then uses existing models to grasp the core understanding of developing buy/sell triggers for high quality stocks.
  3. Sophistication – Most members reach this phase of understanding after about six months. Many members create their own pools of investments and share with others their knowledge. Members are introduced to more sophisticated types of investments and how to use them to reduce risk and improve, via leverage, overall returns for their value investment pools.

Each week, you receive an e-mail with a full update on the pools. Follow along as the Investment Fund grows. Start investing with confidence from what you learn. Create your own fund and over time, accumulate wealth. Joining entitles you to the following:

  • Lessons about value investing and the principles involved;
  • Free webinars from the author following up the lessons;
  • Charts, graphs, tutorials, templates and resources to use when you create your own pool;
  • Access to existing pools and their respective data models along with buy/sell triggers;
  • Follow along with the investment fund and its weekly updates;
  • White papers addressing financial principles and proper interpretation methods; AND
  • Some simple good advice.

Value Investment Club

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