Financial statements serve the purpose of presenting economic activity and status related to a particular date and over a particular time frame. Accountants record monetary transactions and via financial reports present the information in an easy to understand format. The financial statements for a small business do not have to comply with those of publically traded operations.
Long Term Notes
Long term notes are similar in nature to the short term notes. Long term notes have higher face values, typically in excess of $50,000 and require an extended application process to be approved by a committee within the bank. The payback periods range from five years to upwards of twenty years. The most common use of this type of a note is to purchase big ticket items or extend or upgrade the facilities where the business is located. The key is that the note’s lifetime is slightly shorter than the life expectancy of the associated asset.
Long Term Debt is one of the multiple forms of capitalizing a business. It includes bonds, secured notes and mortgage notes. In the world of small business, the most common form of long term debt is secured notes, most likely with recourse. As an owner of a business you need to understand how this information is presented in your financial statements.
Every business owner needs to know the difference between insolvency and bankruptcy. Often these two terms are misunderstood and improperly used in conversation. You need to know their correct meaning because both are used in civil law and both have different issues to address during the process. In addition, understanding these two terms builds a better comprehensive understanding of financing your business.
There are many different types of bank loans, each having their own respective purpose. All bank loans are categorized into two distinct groupings; secured and unsecured loans. Within in each category of loans there are several different sub-types of bank notes used to make a loan. Both categories require the owner of the small business to provide a personal guarantee to ensure the loan is paid back.