Insolvency refers to the ability to pay bills in a timely manner. It does not mean bankruptcy but long-term insolvency is a underlying factor of bankruptcy. Many owners and/or managers of small business have no idea of how to determine if the company is insolvent or headed towards the inability to meet their day to day obligations.
Insolvency is a business term meaning the inability of the business to pay its current obligations. There are two forms of insolvency, equity insolvency which is cash flow related and balance sheet insolvency whereby either current assets are less than current liabilities or total assets are less than total liabilities.
In small business, cash is almost always the number one issue. There is simply never enough. This is primarily attributable to growth. Growth requires both physical assets to produce more and expansion of accounts receivable. Technically, the expansion of accounts receivable is the economic equivalent of lending cash.
Every business owner needs to know the difference between insolvency and bankruptcy. Often these two terms are misunderstood and improperly used in conversation. You need to know their correct meaning because both are used in civil law and both have different issues to address during the process. In addition, understanding these two terms builds a better comprehensive understanding of financing your business.