Cash Basis

A form of accounting whereby only the cash out expenses are recorded to the books of record or in the financial reports. In general it excludes accrual adjustments as promulgated by Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.

Net Profit

No other business term is so misunderstood, misstated, misleading or deceiving as the words ‘net profit’.   Accounting defines net profit as the amount earned after all associated costs and expenses are subtracted from the associated sales.   The larger or more public the company the more reliable the dollar value as stated on the …

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Bookkeeping – Cash or Accrual (Lesson 25)

Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) advocates using the accrual basis of accounting over cash basis.   The difference between the two methods is important to understand as a bookkeeper. In general, cash basis focuses on the bank account, entries are only made whenever there is any form of an economic impact on the business.   …

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Financial Statements for the Small Business

Financial statements serve the purpose of presenting economic activity and status related to a particular date and over a particular time frame.  Accountants record monetary transactions and via financial reports present the information in an easy to understand format.  The financial statements for a small business do not have to comply with those of publically …

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Various Sets of Accounting Books

Accounting’s primary purpose is to measure economic activity.  There are several different methods to determine the economic value generated in your business each year.  In accounting this is referred to as sets of books.  There are four basic sets of accounting books.  Each has a different purpose and end goal.  This article is written to …

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Mailbox Rule in Business

Mailbox Rule

There is one tax rule that confuses business owners and it relates to the year-end practice of paying bills and receiving compensation for receivables.  This is referred to as the ‘Mailbox Rule’.  This is strictly a tax issue for cash basis taxpayers.  I’m here to set the record straight!  Before you can appreciate the rule,...

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At-Risk Rules – An Elementary Understanding

At-Risk Rules

Code Section 465 of the Internal Revenue Code defines ‘At-Risk’ as the financial value the taxpayer has in jeopardy related to the business activity the taxpayer is invested in as some form of an owner.  Effectively, the taxpayer may only take losses on his tax return contingent on the loss being directly tied to invested...

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Fixed Costs – Explanation and Examples

‘Fixed costs’ is a business term used mostly in cost accounting.  It has several meanings based on its usage.  The most common definition associated with fixed costs is expenses that must be paid regardless of production or sales volume.  The best example is rent for a company.  It doesn’t matter whether you produce or sell …

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