Purchase orders are requests to a seller to provide a certain product or service. Purchase orders are a business tool to control both physical and financial outcomes related to operational activities. For publicly traded entities, they are required as a function of internal controls to minimize defalcations.
Accounting Systems and Technology
Proper organization and document processes are reviewed and examined in this section. From the filing system to the best software for the office, learn about accounting systems and technology.
Accounting is the process of recording economic activity and organizing this information in a format to inform owners about financial results. It all begins with the journals and ledgers. The initial entry is recorded in one of many journals and then transferred to the respective ledgers where the data is summed and reported to the …
Class accounting is one of the options available with QuickBooks software. Most accountants and bookkeepers misunderstand its purpose and how to properly implement this wonder tool of accounting. If you are considering using class accounting and want to have a full comprehensive understanding, this is the article for you.
In business the best source of new business is the existing customer. Discovering the customer’s habits and characteristics allows the sales department to expand into new geographical territories with similar customer characteristics and/or modify the existing product lines. The key to success is gathering the proper information at the point of sale.
Most small businesses use the annual inventory system to determine ending inventory value. Any adjustments are to the income statement inside the cost of goods sold formula. This is acceptable if management only wanted accurate financial statements once a year. But this is unrealistic for a small business.
Internal control is a subset of the accounting system to aid in proper reporting of existing assets and liabilities. Internal controls over fixed assets alleviate two distinct risks. The primary risk is physical in nature and relates to the asset getting lost, stolen or damaged thereby affecting the value as reported on the financial statements. The second risk is financial in nature related to errors in determining cost basis, useful life, and depreciation assigned; all of which can affect value.
Each risk uses a separate set of controls to minimize or eliminate the exposure and reduce management’s concern that the financial value as reported is incorrect. This article explains the standard set of controls for each risk group.