What is ‘Cost of Goods Sold’

Cost of goods sold is an accounting formula used with the retail industry and is one section of the profit and loss statement.   Several articles on this site explain the formula in detail and how it is presented on the report.

How is Cost of Goods Sold in Retail Determined?

Cost of Goods Sold

Each industry is different in determining costs of goods sold or cost of services rendered.  Retail uses two distinct methods to calculate costs of goods sold. The first is called ‘Specific Identification’ whereby each item sold is specifically identified to its recorded cost. The second method is referred to as ‘Inventory Adjustment’ format. In this method, a beginning and ending balance is recorded along with the purchases throughout the year.

What is the Difference between Markup and Margin?

Markup Calculator

It is amazing how one simple formula can be so confusing to the average business owner. The formula is markup. It is defined as the dollar amount or percentage of the cost of the item added to the item to equal its sales price. Many entrepreneurs especially those in retail confuse this simple formula with margin.

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