A contract is defined as any oral or written agreement between two or more parties that exchange rights and/or duties between the parties. Every contract has four essential elements. The first two create ‘mutual assent’ or what is commonly referred to in law as a ‘meeting of the minds’.
In contract law, an offer is one of the four required elements of a contract. It is generally the first element and it begins the negotiation process.
Article 1 of the Uniform Commercial Code copyrighted by the American Law Institute is considered the primary source for the definition of a contract. All of the 50 states have incorporated all or most of the definition of this code as statue. A contract is defined as a legal obligation between two or more parties. A contract has to have four elements for it to be binding on the parties.