Insolvency refers to the ability to pay bills in a timely manner. It does not mean bankruptcy but long-term insolvency is a underlying factor of bankruptcy. Many owners and/or managers of small business have no idea of how to determine if the company is insolvent or headed towards the inability to meet their day to day obligations.
Bankruptcy is a legal process whereby the business owner seeks protection from creditors by using the federal government and an assigned trustee to either liquidate or reorganize the business. There are two forms of business bankruptcy, Chapter 7 (Liquidation) and Chapter 11 (Reorganization).
Every business owner needs to know the difference between insolvency and bankruptcy. Often these two terms are misunderstood and improperly used in conversation. You need to know their correct meaning because both are used in civil law and both have different issues to address during the process. In addition, understanding these two terms builds a better comprehensive understanding of financing your business.