Leverage

Leverage in business refers to a company borrowing money to increase the volume of sales, it is expected that the additional profit generated will cover the interest and principle obligation of the amount borrowed.

Railroad Stock – Discovering Opportunities

Dividends and Earnings Analysis

Railroad stocks are solid and steady investments. There is limited downside risk and adequate historical data to illustrate buy and sell points for an investor. If properly applied, an investor should earn yields of 18 to 30% year on year. Learn how to develop the investment model for this particular industry.

One of the benefits of railroad stocks is the downside risk. When the stock’s share price decreases, it is unlikely it will continuously fall. The business ratios used in this industry assist in understanding how far a share price can fall. The further the price decreases, the more lucrative the investment becomes. Thus, the market – other buyer are enticed to purchase the stock due to the desirable attributes of the stock. The first section below covers this particular aspect of the share price decreasing.

On the flip side are increases in share price. How does an investor know when to sell?  If you sell early, you miss out on any additional increases in share price that can add dramatically to your gain upon the sale of the stock. With railroad stock, the historical pattern has rarely wavered from a continuously increasing trend line. The key is to be patient. Yes, the longer it takes to recover and generate gains for the investor, the lower the yield for the investor. Never look at this in isolation, it’s about Bernoulli’s Law (Law of Large Numbers).

Leverage Ratios

Leverage Ratios

Leverage refers to the ability to lift a heavier load using a fulcrum and a lever. The common image is a board on a triangular pivot point with a heavy weight (M1) on one end and a lighter weight (M2) on the other. As the lever shifts towards the lighter load it starts to lift the heavier weight. In effect, as the distance ‘b’ gets longer, it becomes easier to lift M1. This principle works with finances too.  How so?

Return on Equity

Return on Equity

Another performance ratio used in business is return on equity. It is similar to return on assets except return on equity uses one section of the bottom half of the balance sheet.

Operating Profit Margin – Formula and Understanding

Operating Profit Margin

Operating profit margin refers to the value earned as a percentage of net sales. The operating profit is often referred to as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, (EBITDA). This is a misleading reference as operating profit is actually defined differently by industry sector. EBITDA is used primarily in valuing businesses.

Fixed Assets To Debt Relationship

Fixed Assets to Debt Relationship

Every business owner, especially young entrepreneurs, must understand how long-term debt  is used to finance the purchase of fixed assets. It is a basic principle especially for start-ups. There is a relationship that exists between the two. If created correctly, profitability is enhanced and cash flow is maximized.