Construction Industry

A $750 Billion industry encompassing home construction to industrial development. The construction industry section of the website has over 50 articles related to proper administration and accounting for construction.  Learn the nuances that create success in construction.

Contractor’s Chart of Accounts – Completed Contract or Percentage of Completion Method

Contractor's Chart of Accounts

The  contractor's chart of accounts is significantly different than the traditional chart of accounts.  First off, the layout is more dependent on the balance sheet than the income statement (profit and loss) accounts.   Furthermore, the income statement accounts are laid out to present a resource based costing presentation than a job costing format.   To add another layer of complexity, the chart of accounts is somewhat oriented to the method of accounting selected by the contractor.

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Open Job Cost Status Report

Open Job Cost Status Report

The Open Job Cost Status Report identifies a project's actual costs of construction, amounts borrowed or financed, and any customer payments made to date. The net result is the contractor's net investment into the respective project.

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Cost Codes – Subset of Item Codes

Cost Codes

Cost codes are unique identifiers assigned to items in an inventory sold individually or as a part of an assembly. The goal is to track the final outcome of the item(s) sold against the original estimated cost of the item. It is used in both financial and cost accounting.

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Capitalization of Overhead in Construction – Section 263(a)

Capitalization of Overhead

There are two exceptions allowed for small business residential contractors to escape the requirements of Section 263(a) - Capitalization of Overhead. The first is the $10,000,000 in sales per year threshold. The second exception is allowed for contractors that build residential homes and are able to complete the contract within two years.

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Using Cash in Construction

Debt or Equity

There is a notion in business that using cash to pay for materials or service is illegal.  IT IS NOT ILLEGAL TO PAY FOR MATERIALS OR SERVICE WITH CASH.  It is illegal to do this if you do not properly document the transaction.  This is especially true in the construction industry.

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