Month: July 2018

Constructive Dividends – Definition, Understanding and Application

When a corporation confers an economic benefit upon a shareholder, in his capacity as such, without an expectation of reimbursement, that economic benefit becomes a constructive dividend, taxable as such. See INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE NATIONAL OFFICE FIELD SERVICE ADVICE MEMORANDUM FOR DISTRICT COUNSEL, Number 200011003 dated October 27, 1999; specifically Page 4, 3rd paragraph.

Lien – Simple, Business and Legal Definitions


A documented right to property owned by a debtor and granted to a creditor is referred to as a ‘lien’. Although relatively a simple definition, it gets much more complicated when used in various contexts. The word is most commonly used in business and is defined as the right to take property of a borrower when the borrower fails to fulfill their promise to pay the amount borrowed back to the lender.

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